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Arizona Quail Outlook

All Signs Point To Better Season Into 2020


December 1, 2019

Gambels Quail

Winter moisture improves overall brood survival.

Truth be told, Arizona's quail hunters are also weather wonks - always checking the forecasts, particularly during the winter months, their fingers crossed that the wet stuff is on the way.

After all, good doses of timely precipitation that time of year are what give the state's Gambel's and scaled quail populations a much-needed boost, which usually points to better hunting in the fall.

Case In Point: Winter 2018

"Unlike the past few years, when hatch dates were spread out over the spring and summer, strong winter precipitation patterns this last winter should have concentrated hatch dates for quail clutches," said Johnathan O'Dell, small game biologist for the Arizona Game and Fish Department.

"More quail chicks on the ground at the same time usually correlates to better overall brood survival and more birds in coveys in the fall. Spring call counts around the state were up 125 percent from the 10-year average, so Gambel's numbers and harvest should be better than last year's numbers."

Translation: Expect to find a few more birds to chase when during the 2019-20 season.

While there will be a few hot spots out there, O'Dell said hunters should prepare to put in the work to find them.

Do Some Scouting

"Anecdotal reports from hunters in recent years suggest that quail numbers and coveys vary by location, so it would be worthwhile to do some scouting," he said. "Even with one good year of production - and hopefully more to come - statewide numbers will expectedly be lower than historical numbers, but hunting Gambel's this fall should still be exciting."

Meanwhile, hunters should note that the season for Mearns' quail begins Friday, Dec. 6. It's summer rainfall that plays a key role in nesting success and population numbers of this species. After a spotty and relatively weak monsoon across southern Arizona, these birds are likely to be abundant only in pockets that received sufficient precipitation this summer.

A valid Arizona hunting or combination hunt and fish license is required for all hunters 10 and older. Those hunters under 10 must either have a valid hunting or combination hunt and fish license, or be accompanied by an adult who possesses a valid hunting or combination hunt and fish license. Licenses can be purchased online or at license dealers statewide. A youth combination hunt and fish license (ages 10 to 17) is $5.

Bag Limits

Gambels Quail

The general bag limit is 15 quail per day in the aggregate, of which no more than eight may be Mearns' quail (when the Mearns' season opens Dec. 6). The general possession limit is 45 quail in the aggregate after opening day, of which no more than 15 Gambel's, scaled or California quail in the aggregate may be taken in any one day. After the opening of the Mearns' season, the 45-quail possession limit may include 24 Mearns' quail, of which no more than eight may be taken in any one day.

More quail-hunting information can be found on the department's website at Another resource for both new and experienced hunters alike is "An Introduction to Hunting Arizona's Small Game." Written by Randall D. Babb, the 196-page, full-color book covers where and how to hunt small game birds (like quail), squirrels, rabbits, ducks and geese. It also includes how to prepare and cook your harvest, with illustrations and recipes. The book can be ordered for $16.95 at


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